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History, Development, and Feature Music Dangdut

History and Development of Dangdut Music in Indonesia

Dangdut music is a fusion of musical instrument of Indonesia, Arab, Indian, and West played together. Then over time, the harmony of music was influenced by western orchestra and the rhythm of the samba and rumba. The effect was finally brought this music into the Malay tradition that developed in areas far from the capital and is home to the musicians and music critics, especially in the areas of Padang and Medan.
Basically, the form of dangdut melayu music rooted in the 1940s. In the evolution to contemporary forms are now entering the influence of Indian music elements (mainly from the use of tabla) and Arabic (on crooked and harmonization). Changes in the flow of Indonesian politics in the late 1960s, opening the entry of the strong influence of western music with the inclusion of electric guitar and also a form of marketing. Since the 1970's virtually dangdut has matured in its contemporary. As popular music, dangdut very open to influence of other musical forms, ranging from keroncong, style, gamelan, harp, pop, rock, and even house

Starting from the Dutch colonial period, this time there is a combination musical instrument of Indonesia, Arab and Dutch called together in Tanjidor. Music is a unique mini orchestra and performed while walking by the slave masters pet white rulers pekebunan around Batavia. Throughout the 19th century, a lot of influence from outside is absorbed by the people of Indonesia. For example, the influence of China is China-Betawi ensemble called kromong xylophone and also keroncong. In 1940, traditional music is gradually mixed with Malay music that was modern at that time. In the 1950s and 1960s, many developing orchestra in Jakarta Malay-orchestra that plays songs from Sumatra Deli Malay (around Medan). At this time the experiment began to enter the entry of Indian elements in Malay music. The development of world cinema at that time and anti-Western politics of President Sukarno becomes fertilizer for these groups. From this time to note the names such as P. Ramlee (of Malaya), Said Effendi (with songs Seroja), Ellya (with the stage like a dancer Indian style), Husein Bawafie Dolls creator of India, Munif Bahaswan, and M. Mashabi (composer score the film "Lamentations Stepchildren" is very popular in the 1970's.)

By 1970, Rhoma Irama began to show musical ability in the rhythm of dangdut. Dissatisfaction and desire to encourage Rhoma Irama famous creating new music. Malay music combined with the flow of rock, pop, and other rhythms. The result is a rhythm created dangdut. Since that time, the term dangdut increasingly popular in Indonesia. Songs Rhoma Irama created not just a display of beauty. The lyrics are meaningful mission is the content of his songs. Some of the names of the 1970s that can be called is Mansyur S., Ida Laila, A. Rafiq, and Muchsin Alatas. Malay popular music can be seen from the release of several Malay pop album by pop group Shania Twain in his prime.
Modern dangdut, which developed in the early 1970s in line with Indonesian political culture that is friendly to the West, include musical instruments such as the Western modern electric guitar, electric organ, percussion, trumpet, saxophone, oboe, etc. to increase the variation and as land-musicians musician creativity. Mandolin also entered as an important element. Effect of rock (especially the guitar) is very thick felt in the music dangdut. The 1970s were the scene of 'battle' for dangdut music and rock music in the music market seize Indonesia, to have held concerts 'duel' between the sonnet Group and God Bless. Practically since the time of this Malay music has changed, including the pattern of musical business.

In the latter half of the 1970s also developed variations of "dangdut humor" that was driven by OM petromaks Ray Emission (PSP). This orchestra, which departs from the style of music melayu deli, helping dangdut dissemination among the students. This subgenre forwarded, for example, by OM Introduction Drinking Poison (PMR) and, in the early 2000s, by Hope Youth Orchestra Nations (PHB).

Dangdut music fame increased with the formation of the Group sonnet in 1973. Sonnets is a group or orchestra wilt pioneered by Rhoma Irama. Sound of Moslem and the King of Dangdut is the nickname given to the community Rhoma Irama and his group.
The popularity of dangdut music trigger negative responses from non dangdut rhythm musicians. Dangdut music regarded as plebeian. Musician non dangdut looked dangdut rhythm as the music down. Negative views are not stopping musical creativity and the desire dangut musicians. In the period 1980-1990, emerging singers and musicians are talented and get dangdut fans very much. At this time there is an effort of the musicians began to take dangdut dangdut towards a more respectable. Evie Tamala dangdut music hummed in the United States. He made a video clip song in the country. Television stations in Indoneisa start showing dangdut as tayangannya.

Dangdut music had been developed. By the year 2000, appears dangdut singer who is getting the attention of the public. That's because the rocking movement exceeds the movement of other singers, even a normal human. Swirling motion from top to bottom is a typical cirri singer. Inul Daratista is the owner's death wobble.

Occurrences Inul Daratista highly criticized by religious circles. Moral factors and norms is the reason. Positive responses given by some yanga view it as an art and self expression. Differences of opinion that sparked controversy and increasingly popularized the name Inul Daratista. Starting from the event, the upper classes began to pay attention to dangdut music.

During 2000, dangdut music can not be seen anymore as the music cheesy. Various events and programs featuring music dangdut respectable start. The main impressions on television stations featuring dangdut music. Famous cafes do not hesitate featuring dangdut music.
Stage of political party campaign also did not miss exploit the popularity of dangdut to attract the masses. Dangdut issue as a political tool also burst when Basofi Sudirman, at the time as Golkar functionaries, sing dangdut songs.

While dangdut associated with the grassroots who are poor, it does not mean popular dangdut only the lower class. In any event entertainment, dangdut certainly participate enliven the situation. Dangdut stage can easily be found in various places. Places of entertainment and special disco play dangdut songs found in many large cities. The radio station broadcast that states itself as "radio dangdut" is also easily found in various cities.

What Makes Music Dangdut
Acoustic music-tool, with the standardization of Malay, such as accordions, flutes, drums, madolin, and in developments in this era is a mechanical organ and violin.
-The song, easily digested so it is not difficult to accept the community.
-rhythm is divided into three parts, namely singing (very slow), two songs (rhythm rather quickly) and makinang (faster).
-The lyrics are still attached to the poem.
-The rhythm of the music is very melancholic.
-The building most of the songs dangdut very conservative,
-Most of the unit composed of eight-bar 4 / 4 (rarely found dangdut songs with time signatures 3 / 4, except in the Malay songs Deli (example: Bird Nuri)).
-Poor improvisation, both melody and harmony.
It relies on a knock-tabla and syncope.
-In general do not have a chorus, but has a second part with building a different melody with the first part.


Musik dangdut, Keunikan dan Perkembangannya

Keunikan musik dangdut
Oleh: Content Team

Sebenarnya musik dangdut aslinya berasal dari India. Namun ketika masuk ke negara ini oleh para seniman musik kita kemudian dimodifikasi dengan cita rasa Indonesia. Sehingga munculah jenis musik lain yang lebih familiar dan akrab dengan telinga kita. Hal ini bisa terjadi karena banyak keunikan yang ada.

Misalnya pada instrumen ketipungnya. Bila jenis musik lain menggunakannya sebagai alat musik tambahan saja, namun dalam konsep musik dangdut ketipung justru dijadikan sebagai instrumen nomor satu, sekaligus menjadi salah satu ciri khas utamanya. Irama dari alat musik ini diolah sedemikian rupa sehingga bisa menghasilkan jenis musik yang rancak serta dinamis. Akibatnya ketika mendengar musik jenis ini, kita seakan diajak untuk menggoyangkan pinggul dan badan untuk berjoged.

Selain itu, seruling juga menjadi ciri sekaligus bagian dari keunikan musik dangdut. Suara yang ditimbulkan lebih mendayu-dayu dan lebih dominan dibanding dengan instrumen musik lainnya. Alunan merdu dari seruling ini juga mampu membuat kepala pendengarnya bergoyang atau bergeleng geleng mengikuti irama nada yang dimainkan.

Kemudian syair lagu dalam musik dangdut juga punya nilai keunikan tersendiri. Karena bahasa yang digunakan juga lebih jujur dan terbuka, maka tidak mengherankan bila banyak yang punya pendapat bila syair dari lagu dangdut merupakan syair lagu yang paling demokratis dibanding dengan syair dari jenis musik yang lain. Terutama bila menceritakan masalah cinta, perselingkuhan dan masalah lain yang bersifat melankolis.

Di luar hal tersebut di atas, tentu masih banyak keunikan lain yang dipunyai oleh musik dangdut ini. Karena setiap orang atau penikmat musik pasti punya pendapat dan penilaian tersendiri.

Perkembangan Musik Dangdut

Saat ini bisa dikatakan bila musik dangdut mengalami kemajuan dan perkembangan yang sangat pesat. Maka tidak mengherankan bila musik ini selalu menjadi yang terdepan dalam hal kepopuleran, dibanding dengan jenis musik yang lain. Ini bisa dibuktikan dengan memperhatikan beberapa hal berikut ini.

1. Golongan penggemar

Sekitar duapuluh tahun yang lalu penggemar dari musik dangdut kebanyakan berasal dari golongan masyarakat kelas bawah. Namun saat ini hal tersebut sudah berubah sama sekali. Banyak orang yang berasal dari golongan atas juga menyukai jenis musik yang satu ini. Jadi, sudah merata tanpa mengenal perbedaan status sosial lagi.

2. Tempat pementasan

Untuk masalah ini juga sudah mengalami perubahan yang sangat mencolok. Dulu musik dangdut lebih sering dipentaskan di kampung kampung pelosok di tengah lapangan yang becek atau panas. Namun sekarang di tempat tempat hiburan kelas atas juga sering menyajikan musik ini untuk memuaskan penggemar yang datang.

3. Status penyanyi

Penyanyi dangdut selalu dikonotasikan sebagai seniman musik kelas rendah, kampungan, norak dan tidak berpendidikan. Ini adalah fenomena yang terjadi beberapa puluh tahun yang lalu. Namun saat ini keadaan tersebut sudah berubah sama sekali. Status penyanyi atau seniman musik dangdut kedudukannya sudah dipandang sama dengan penyanyi yang lain. Sehingga mereka tidak merasa rendah diri lagi untuk mengaku sebagai penyanyi dangdut.

Yang disebut di atas hanyalah sebagian kecil dari bukti pesatnya perkembangan musik dangdut di tanah air. Selain itu, masih banyak fakta lain yang tidak bisa disebutkan di sini satu persatu.

Dangdut music, uniqueness and Development

The uniqueness of dangdut music

Actually dangdut music originally came from India. But when coming to this country by our music artists then modified with the taste of Indonesia. So munculah other types of music that is more familiar and intimate with our ears. This can happen because a lot of uniqueness.

For example on ketipungnya instrument. When other types of music to use it as an additional instrument, but in the concept of dangdut music ketipung precisely made as the number one instrument, at once became one of its main characteristics. The rhythm of this musical instrument is processed in such a way that could produce the kind of music is smart and dynamic. Consequently when he heard the music of this type, we seemed to be invited to wiggle your hips and body for danced.

In addition, the flute is also a feature as well as part of the uniqueness of dangdut music. Sound generated more lilting and more dominant than the other instruments. Melodious strains of the flute is also capable of making the listener's head or bergeleng head swaying to the rhythm of the tone played.

Later in the song lyric dangdut music also has its own unique value. Because the language is also more honest and open, it is not surprising that many who have an opinion if the lyric of the song dangdut is the song lyric of the most democratic than the words of anothertypes of of music . Especially when telling the problem of love, infidelity and other problems that are melancholy.

Beyond the above, of course there are many other uniqueness that belongs by this dangdut music. Because each person or music lovers definitely have an opinion and its own assessment.

Development of Music Dangdut

Currently it can be said when the music dangdut progress and rapid growth. So no wonder that this music has always been at the forefront in terms of popularity, compared with other types of music. It can be proven by considering the following points.

1. Fan Group

About twenty years ago a fan of dangdut music mostly from the lower classes of society. But today it is already changed at all. Many people who come from upper class also liked this one kind of music. So, it's equally regardless of social status differences anymore.

2. Places staging

For this problem also has been experiencing a very noticeable change. First dangdut music more often performed in remote villages in the middle of the village of muddy field or heat. But now in a place where top class entertainment also frequently present this music to satisfy the fans who came.

3. Status singer

Dangdut singer always connoted as low-class musical artists, tacky, tacky and uneducated. This is a phenomenon that occurred decades ago. But now the situation has changed completely. Status dangdut singers or artists are considered the same position with another singer. So they do not feel inferior again to pose as dangdut singer.

Mentioned above is just a small part of the proof of the rapid growth of dangdut music in the country. In addition, there are many other facts that can not be mentioned here one by one.